Melasma scabrum var. scabrum, the witch’s foxglove, is a hemi-parasitic perennial herb found almost throughout South Africa, apart from the dry north-western region in and around the Northern Cape. The common habitat is moist grassland, even marshy areas, in sandy soil.
The Melasma genus forms part of the Orobanchaceae or broomrape family, although some still place it in Scrophulariaceae. Melas means black in Greek, referring to plant material turning black when dry. Melasma scabrum is the only one of the five species of the genus occurring in South Africa. It shows a resemblance to some Harveya plants.
The plant grows erect stems to 70 cm, course and sticky to the touch. The roots are saffron-coloured and fibrous. The leaves are opposite, narrowly lanceolate, without stalks and photosynthetic. Leaf surfaces are hairy, leaf margins sometimes toothed.
The flowers grow in a lax raceme. Flowers are pale yellow with a purple throat, growing at branch tips. The corolla is funnel-shaped with five lobes, measuring about 3 cm across. The stamens are hairy, the style exserted. The large, five-lobed calyx becomes balloon-like in the fruit.
This photo was taken in January at Qacha’s Nek (Manning, 2009; Vlok and Schutte-Vlok, 2010; iSpot; JSTOR).
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