Marattia fraxinea is a large fern. It has a rounded growth habit and large, spreading fronds. The erect, rounded stem becomes 1 m tall and 20 cm in diameter.
The Marattiaceae family (of which the Marattia genus forms part) includes the fern species with the biggest fronds. Many of them grow fleshy roots and are found worldwide in temperate zones; the Marattia genus being spread across the earth in tropical and subtropical regions.
Marattiaceae is the only family of its order and even its class, having diverged early from other ferns in its evolutionary history. Not that they grew so independently and smoothly without trials and tribulations: There are many extinct species and genera in their family tree as reconstructed by botanists.
Every living thing is a monument to innumerable deaths: life is wonderful, but death is more plentiful in nature. The unrecorded chain of ancestral survival battles, forming everyone’s and everything’s lineage, stirs at the edge of the primitive part of the mind, challenging consciousness, sensing a dark unknown inside that defies recall. It all started in one continuous web of unknown dimensionality when the earth’s conditions allowed (and compelled) its surface layer to go green, to host life. We are all surrounded by relatives beyond belief.
M. fraxinea is distributed along the escarpment in KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo and Swaziland. But there is more; the distribution of this world citizen extends into tropical Africa, Australia, New Zealand and the tropics of the Pacific Ocean.
Its habitat is moist, afromontane forests and riverine areas often swathed in mist.
The specific epithet, fraxinea, is derived from the resemblance of the fronds to the leaves of ash trees of the Fraxinus genus in the Oleaceae family (Schmidt, et al, 2002; JSTOR; Wikipedia).
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