Loxostylis alata (SA tree No. 365), the tarwood or teerhout in Afrikaans is a small evergreen tree found naturally along the southern Cape, Eastern Cape and Kwazulu-Natal coastal and inland areas in riverine or hilly wooded areas and forest edges. The tree is dioecious with showy panicles of star-like creamy white flowers. The brick-red sepals are often the most conspicuous parts once the petals have dropped off. The tarwood name may have been derived from the oily substance exuded by the fruit (Coates Palgrave, 2002).