Flueggea virosa subsp. virosa, the white-berry bush, is a twiggy, deciduous shrub of up to 3 m, occasionally a small spreading tree of 4 m tall (SA Tree List No. 309). The bark is brown or red-brown and flaking with lenticels that often appear in lines. Young branches are stiff and angular.
The shrub grows in woodland and at forest margins, often close to streams or on rocky outcrops and termite mounds. South Africa is the southern extreme of its distribution, ranging to northern KwaZulu-Natal and the provinces north of the Vaal. It is also found in Swaziland, Botswana and Namibia, as well as widely in Africa.
Plant parts feature widely in traditional medicines. The leaves are browsed (Coates Palgrave, 2002; Van Wyk and Van Wyk, 1997; Schmidt, et al, 2002; iSpot).