The inflorescence of Aloidendron dichotomum grows in a branched panicle of short racemes. A fully developed inflorescence may have three to five of these racemes, the separate branched stalks covered in flowers. Flowers of A. dichotomum are presented just above the leaf rosettes; on A. pillansii, a close relative, the flowers occur just below the leaves. The usually erect racemes are about 30 cm in length. The bright yellow perianths, the individual flowers, are broad, short and elliptic, narrow at the mouth. When the perianth is open, the orange stamens become well exserted.
Blooms arrive in midwinter, turned into chunky, ellipsoid fruit by spring.
The specific name, dichotomum, means fork, referring to the repeated division within leaf rosettes to form more stems. This keeps on happening in the increasing dome formed by the proliferating rosettes and upper stems (Coates Palgrave, 2002; Van Wyk and Gericke, 2003).